The government of Liberia’s (GOL) revenue intake from cross-border trade with neighboring Guinea may dwindle in the second quarter, the Daily Observer’s business desk has observed.The looming revenue loss, according to our reporter, is directly linked to the reported slowdown of cross-border trade between Liberia and Guinea, as a result of the outbreak of the Ebola virus in neighboring Guinea.A resident of the border town of Ganta, Nimba County, yesterday told our business desk that the number of trucks from Guinea has dwindled. According to this woman, who lives right at the Ganta-Guinea border point, there are a limited number of trucks coming in from Guinea.Though the Liberian government has not ordered its border closed with Guinea, this woman anonymously told our reporter that a slowdown is also on the Liberian side of the border, as exporters have slowed their activities in the town.“Some of the traders have said that they are halting trade with Guinea with or without any government directive,” she said. The government of Liberia has not spoken on the latest news, but GOL insiders hinted to our reporter yesterday, that the situation has claimed the attention of the Ministry of Finance.The Ebola virus has killed over 80 people in Guinea with reports of a few deaths in Liberia and Sierra Leone, international media said. Cross-border traders have said that they fear the incurable Ebola virus. “I have suspended my cross-border trade business with my Guinean partner because of the virus,” a local importer said on condition of anonymity.The self-imposed slowdown in cross border trade between Liberia and Guinea is not only at the Ganta point; it is also in Lofa County and parts of Bong County. It is not clear to what extent revenue lose would affect GOL’s operations as the government remains tight-lipped. Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Companies that wish to partner with local Guyanese businesses will now have a greater chance of doing so at the Guyana Trade and Investment Exhibition (GUYTIE), an event that was organised by the Private Sector Commission under the theme “Made Locally, Trading Globally”.The expo was launched on Wednesday in the company of the Business Minister Dominic Gaskin, members of the Private Sector Commission (PSC), Caribbean Export Development Agency (CEDA) and other partnering companies.During his remarks, Minister Gaskin noted that there was the need for theBusiness Minister Dominic Gaskin giving remarks at the launching of the new expo at the Marriott Hotel. Also in photo are PSC Chairman Edward Boyer and Go-Invest CEO Owen Verweyprominent Guyana Expo (GuyExpo) to undergo a makeover to facilitate companies that would like to capitalise on the services that are being produced here in Guyana.“I don’t think that GuyExpo was achieving the type of outcomes that we as a Government are looking for. It was successful in its own way but we wanted a model that was more focused on matching exhibitors with potential international buyers and promoting exports.”Consequently, to enhance the services that were offered at the GuyExpo event, the PSC has engaged prospective buyers from a different angle by introducing a business to business setting. The event is expected to see a number of potential investors and partners who will be educated on the export ready businesses and services that are produced in Guyana.Chairman of the Private Sector Commission (PSC), Edward Boyer was at the launch and said the exhibition will be timely for local businesses in search of export markets.“It is important that we recognise we are no longer isolating ourselves from the rest of the Caribbean or the world at large. To achieve maximum benefits we must be able to meet international standards, create effective distribution channel and market effectively. GUYTIE will no doubt be an instrumental part of achieving these goals.”Meanwhile, Senior Advisor of Caribbean Export Development Agency, DamieA section of the gathering at the launchingSinanan related that this initiative was a timely one which coincides with the advancements in other leading industries and as such, successful collaborations among businesses worldwide will lead to increased benefits.“Caribbean Export will now focus heavily on market penetration, supplied trade development and intelligence frameworks, increased access to finance, promotion of green energy and energy efficiency and other key factors in lowering production costs and increasing private sector efficiency among the region,” Sinanan stated.“An extremely critical part in the success of this programme is the improvement in the business enabling environment as we seek to development, more public-private dialogue and public-private collaboration, which we see GUYTIE being a significant step forward,” he added.Many outstanding local businesses that were established throughout the years will be engaging in the exhibition to promote their trades. Some of them include Banks DIH (D’Aguiars Industries and Holdings), GTT, Massy Industries and Demerara Distillers Limited (DDL).The exhibition is slated for September 19-22 at the Marriott Hotel and will feature Guyanese producers who are seeking to widen their export capacity. The organisers are encouraging local businesses to secure their spot where training will be provided to improve their interpersonal skills.
In his last three starts for Man United, Ander Herrera has scored three goals.So when the midfielder found the back of the net against Swansea to put his side 1-0 ahead at the Liberty Stadium, fans began calling for manager Louis van Gaal to always include the £29m summer arrival in his starting XI.Herrera’s previous two goals have come against Yeovil and Preston in the FA Cup. Scroll down to see a selection of tweets from United fans… 1 The midfielder joined United in 2014
The patient was a young female with an endotracheal tube connected to a ventilator, filled with fluid. Must be pulmonary edema, Janeen surmised. Wearing a neck collar, and in traction, the female’s legs were elevated. Her discolored feet stuck out from under the sheets, a sign of poor blood circulation. The new grad’s attention was drawn to a middle-aged woman standing near the activity, appearing alone and helpless. With an overwhelmed and distraught countenance, the woman’s bright-green eyes blurred with tears while she watched her daughter’s heart monitor. At once, a deep wave of sympathy swept over Janeen. “What’s going on?” the young R.N. repeated. She learned the young woman had been run over by a truck while bicycling. She had fractured 111 long bones; many short, flat and irregular-shaped ones; her pelvis; and her cervical spine, which could result in paralysis. Tire tracks were still visible on her chest. Her heart’s papillary muscle was destroyed and her mitral valve was ripped almost entirely off. Her liver was severely lacerated. When Janeen heard that the patient’s 23rd birthday had just passed two weeks before, she thought, she’s only one month older than me. But, before her thoughts continued, she was interrupted by the yell, “Cardiac arrest!” The heart surgeon approached the mother. “Sibylle,” he began, “we don’t think she’ll survive, but we’re sure she’ll die if we don’t try.” By Vanessa Bruce Angled Startled by commotion, the young registered nurse, Janeen, entered the intensive-care unit of Long Beach Memorial Hospital to begin her morning shift. “What’s going on?” she exclaimed, as she watched a doctor, nurse and respiratory therapist working feverishly over a new patient. Having only completed nursing school four months earlier and still considered a “new grad,” never before had she truly experienced such traumatic care in action. Her tearful mother signed the consent. As they transferred the young lady to the operating room, a priest gave her last rites. Knowing that saving her would require a miracle, silently Janeen prayed, If You do miracles, God, please let one be visible today. After 10 hours of surgery, doctors said it was a miracle. Now with a pig valve, the patient’s chest was too swollen to close, so a transparent thin film covered it. For the next few days, Janeen continued to pray. One morning, her eyes widened as she read the female’s name among her list of assigned patients. She entered the room and introduced herself. “I’ll be your primary-care nurse. I’ll take good care of you,” then, turning to the mother who had traveled far to sleep at her daughter’s bedside, she added, “and you.” Janeen felt sadness on the day the patient heard, “We have to amputate all 10 toes.” But after surgery, she knew it was another miracle that the woman’s legs were saved. Saving the rest of her entailed a total of 17 more surgeries. Many times, she had come close to dying. Another celebration day arrived three months later when the patient was transferred from ICU to a recuperative unit. After completing two more months of rehab, with her left leg an inch shorter than the right, the young woman finally hobbled out of Memorial Hospital. Now being called a “walking miracle,” she and Janeen kept in contact. A few months later, Janeen was thrilled to have her former patient as a guest at her wedding. Nine years passed, and again she was thrilled as she watched the “walking miracle” march down the aisle to also be wed. At the reception, Janeen enjoyed visiting with Sibylle, this time for a joyous reason. And to this day, as a writer and speaker, I’m still grateful that Janeen is my cherished friend! Through my nine more operations, Janeen has continued to be my prayer warrior and encourager. Chicken Soup for the Soul was created by Jack Canfield and Mark Victor Hansen. To submit a story, send it in care of the Daily Breeze, 5215 Torrance Blvd., Torrance, CA 90503-4077.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
MK Dons midfielder Samir Carruthers has issued an apology for his behaviour at the Cheltenham after he was caught urinating in a beer glass at the festival on Tuesday.The 22-year-old was photographed relieving himself on a balcony while surrounded by racegoers.Cheltenham cancelled a booking by a group of footballers on Wednesday after pictures were published in the Sun newpapers.Carruthers later revealed he had been disciplined by his club and admitted he had let himself, his family and the club down.The MK Dons player told Sky Sports: “I just want to say I’m sorry to everyone, my family, the club, chairman, the gaffer.“I’ve not been raised to do something like that and I’ve let everyone down.“I’ve let the community down and I’ve let Milton Keynes down and I have to take the criticism that comes with it.“It’s not something that should be laughed about. It’s not an example I should be giving to kids either.“I’m meant to be a role model and I have to live by my actions now and I really am hurt by what I’ve done.“It was a silly mistake and I just have to take everything that comes with it.”Other images printed in appear to show a glass of liquid being poured over the railing by another man as Carruthers, wearing a grey flat cap and waistcoat, grins.Carruthers said he had been disciplined by the club following a meeting with chairman Pete Winkelman and manager Karl Robinson.“They’re obviously very let down and I’m being disciplined for it,” Carruthers added.“They had faith in me not to do something like that so I feel like I’ve met them down massively.“But it’s not just them, I’ve let down the whole team, my team-mates, everyone.“And I’m really sorry to Cheltenham as well because they let me in and stuff and I obviously embarrassed everyone.”Midfielder Carruthers has been fined two weeks’ wages by MK Dons and suspended by the club from Saturday’s match against Brighton. Samir Carruthers has been disciplined for his antics at the Cheltenham Festival 1
Presidents Day at Portsalon Golf ClubPresidents Day The second major golfing event on the Portsalon golfing fixture list tees off on Saturday 1st September as the members will contest for Wm Mc Cleary’s Presidents Prize. Over Willie’s golfing career at Portsalon he served for a number of years as a council member of the golf club. He played a major part with the initial purchase of the club and with the redevelopment of the course which has seen the club reach new heights in the golfing world. Throughout his golfing years Willie has captained and represented Portsalon golf club at all levels. Willie was bestowed with the coveted title of club captain in 2002 and club president in 2010. This now Willie’s second year of his tenure as President of Portsalon Golf Club. The Captain D P Logue and the members of Portsalon golf club wish club president Willie Mc Cleary every success on this his special day at Portslaon golf club.The Lady members and junior members with club handicaps will contest for the Wm Mc Cleary’s Presidents prize on Thursday 30th Aug. prize giving will take place in the clubhouse on Saturday night at 9.30 p. m and all members are welcome to attend. A time sheet is in operation for all competitions at Portsalon Golf Club, contact 074 91 59459 for your tee time or go online at www.portsalongolfclub.com FixturesOn Saturday 1st Presidents Day, Sunday 2nd September a members competition. A time sheet is in operation for all competitions at Portsalon Golf Club, contact 074 91 59459 for your tee time or go online at www.portsalongolfclub.comResultsThere was a large turnout for the Diarmuid Coll sponsored gents open which was staged on Saturday last at Portsalon golf club. Playing in blustery weather conditions the winner was 16 handicapper Brian Boyle with 42 points, runner up Ciaran Mc Fadden (9) 39 points, Gross Eamon Mc Dermott (3) 29 points, 3rd R Wilson (16) Rockmount 38 points, 4th Tony Kingston (14) 36 points. Visitor D Mc Gill Rosapenna and best nines went to Dermot Boyce and Davey Hughes. The CSS for home players was 35 points and away players 34 points. On Sunday the winner of the members stroke competition was Adrian Mc Alary (16) 66 nett, 2nd D P Logue (6) 67, gross Pat Greene (11) 84, 3RD Kevin Mc Fadden (20) 69 nett. The CSS was 72. The winner of the Wednesday open was Joe Logan (16) 39 points runner up John Sandilands (20) 36 points, gross Eamon Mc Dermott (3) 31 points 3rd Michael Shields (16) 35 Points. The CSS was 35 points.Past CaptainsThe coveted Past Captains cup will be staged at Portsalon golf course on Saturday 8th September. The first tee is reserved from 12.40 to 1. 40.Members NoteMembers should note that all away scores should be recorded in the away scores book in the clubhouse On Line BookingMembers and visitors to Portsalon Golf Club should note that on line booking is now available for all competitions at Portsalon at the flick of a button go to portsalongolfclub.comDivot BagsMembers and visitors please note that divot bags are now available on entry to the first tee box. Please ensure that you pick up a bag and assist with the course maintenance GOLF NEWS: PORTSALON GOLF CLUB NOTES was last modified: August 30th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Portsalon Golf Club Notes
A CANCER support group in West Donegal is launching a new website to help people and their families afflicted by the illness.Freddie O’Donnell, the co-founder and chairman of Coiste Scaoil Saor Ó Ailse (break free from cancer support group), said the site would compliment support services in the parishes of Gaoth Dobhair, the Rosses and Cloughaneely.The website was established by Freddie O’Donnell & his cousin Connell Gallagher in memory of his late father Den Seamus Eoin who died of cancer aged only 57 in 1987 and his late mother Mary Chonaill. It is now over a year since great friends Freddie O’Donnell & Aodan Gallagher co-founded coiste scaoil saor ó ailse on the 18th of July 2012 to help cancer patients and their families of the three parishes.Before the establishment of their support group the nearest cancer support group was in Letterkenny.The new website will be Launched at the next cancer information night in October. WEST DONEGAL CANCER CARE GROUP TO LAUNCH NEW WEBSITE was last modified: August 17th, 2013 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:WEST DONEGAL CANCER CARE GROUP TO LAUNCH NEW WEBSITE
(Visited 50 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Much as psychiatrists would like to help the afflicted, it doesn’t help to affix an empty label to an imprecise condition.“Is schizophrenia a ‘real’ illness?” That’s the eye-catching title of Huw Green’s article in The Conversation. Green, a PhD student and “trainee” clinical psychiatrist at the University of New York, surveys competing groups of psychiatrists, from honest critics who want to update the definition, to radical revolutionaries who want to junk the term altogether. For instance, Thomas Szasz said that schizophrenia didn’t exist until psychiatrists invented the word.In 1979, the trenchant critic of psychiatry Thomas Szasz called it “psychiatry’s sacred symbol” and wondered at length how psychiatry was able to get away with the perpetration of a crucial and profession-sustaining “myth”.How can this be possible? Aren’t schizophrenics real people who lose touch with reality, have delusions and think they can defy gravity? Aren’t there genes for schizophrenia? How can we junk a health problem that has become as real in popular parlance as the common cold?It’s a lesson in scientific interpretation of observations. What causes a set of behaviors? How should they be treated? By inventing a new word, do scientists reify the speculations of their own minds about causes and effects? For instance, a new word “phrenology” (notice the common stem with schizophrenia) gave a false sense of reality to someone’s theory about skull shape as a cause (or perhaps effect) of intelligence. Are psychiatrists repeating history by using a concocted word to reinforce their own speculations?In other words, is it the psychiatrists who are delusional?Classification is a messy business. In diagnosis, symptoms with different causes might be lumped under one term. One condition with one cause might manifest itself in different ways and be classified under multiple terms. And some conditions might be purely fictional. The ancient theory of “humors” linked temperaments with bodily fluids. The fluids were real, but the theory had misguided notions of cause and effect, like the idea that a person of “sanguine” temperament was predominantly influenced by blood, and a “melancholy” person by black bile. To add to the confusion, some ancient doctors linked these temperaments to their misguided ideas of the four elements—earth, air, fire, and water. Confusion reigned when combinations of the temperaments had to be explained with combinations of elements or fluids. In their time, ancient doctors imagined they “understood” the phenomena, when by today’s standards, they understood nothing, but were off on rabbit trails.So how do psychiatrists “know” what schizophrenia is? We’re all much wiser now, aren’t we? Some clues that confusion still reigns can be seen in the way the definition of “schizophrenia” has evolved:Schizophrenia has been a controversial and shifting diagnosis since the word was coined by Eugen Bleuler in 1911. Its name has undergone quite radical changes in meaning, moving from being seen as a progressive brain disease, to being thought of as a series of “reactions” in the first DSM (the American manual of mental disorders) to increasingly being defined since the 1980s as a neuro-developmental disorder in psychiatric research.Green refers to a 1991 book by Mary Boyle with the provocative title, Schizophrenia: A Scientific Delusion? While Green does not take sides with the revolutionaries like Szasz and Boyle, he is keenly aware of the controversy. He sees two groups: revolutionaries and reformers. Their main difference is “the degree of urgency they respectively feel about getting rid of the label ‘schizophrenia’.” Reformers think the term is still useful, and indicates a need for psychiatric intervention. Revolutionaries think the term is “more of a barrier than an effective tool for clinical communication, useless at best and a form of denigration at worst.” Sadly, the patients may suffer the most:“Schizophrenia” is used to justify coercive treatments, it exacerbates mental health stigma, and it has even evolved to become a moderately racist label. Suggestive research on the phenomenon of “stereotype threat” points to the possibility that being known to have the diagnosis may even, under certain conditions, have an exacerbating effect on the psychological and social difficulties of people who meet the criteria. “Get rid of the idea altogether!” say revolutionaries.There’s an old joke about a teenager whose counselor told him his problem was that he was just plain lazy. The teenager responded, “Now give me the scientific term so I can tell my parents.” One can imagine the teenager coming under the spell of that term and acting out its implications. Telling someone he or she is schizophrenic might similarly lead a patient to act like one. Is the diagnosis worse than the disease? But for the false label attached to him or her, the patient might grow out of it, or otherwise be able to work out a suitable life, as John Nash famously was portrayed doing in the film, A Beautiful Mind. Taking responsibility to discipline his mind worked much better than the cruel electrical shock treatments that the psychiatric consensus of his day prescribed.Green ends by pointing out that junking the term “schizophrenia” leaves open the problem of what to replace it with. There is no consensus on that. In fact, he says, there is no consensus on what “mentally ill” means: “in the absence of a widely agreed upon definition of “mentally ill” it’s hard to see how the question could be resolved one way or another” —To ask whether schizophrenia “really exists” is somewhat beside the point. Revolutionaries can, with good reason, say “no”; Schizophrenia is a metaphor, and an often misleading, overly reified one at that. However, reformists can justly point out that while DSM schizophrenia is a historically contingent construction, there is nonetheless an important, often debilitating, set of experiences in its vicinity which we cannot wish away. Arguments over terminology aside, it is the nature of these experiences which holds the most interest to researchers and clinicians, and we still know far too little.One can hear Galen and Hippocrates chuckling in the background from the junkyard of debunked theories. Humors, indeed.Depressing all around: On a related subject, Nature revealed that psychology has no good explanation or treatment for depression. One patient cited was helped with a drug combination, but that may indicate an underlying physical problem rather than a psychological problem. Even though Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) in treating depression is considered “one of the clear success stories” in psychiatry, according to another article in Nature, nobody knows how it works, or why it only works for some people. “Cognitive behavioural therapy is the best-studied form of psychotherapy,” Emily Anthes writes. “But researchers are still struggling to understand why it works.” The answer doesn’t seem to lie in drugs or neuroscience, but rather helping patients in “critically examining those negative beliefs” about themselves. It would seem any good parent, friend, or pastor could do that without the aura of “therapy” or “psychology” giving a false sense of expertise. As usual, promised solutions are out there in the misty future: “Learning more about how CBT works — and why it does not work for everyone — could ultimately help doctors to deliver better care.” In other words, it ain’t here yet. That’s downright depressing.Update 12/02/14: A Yale team, publishing a paper in PNAS, studies “mental health clinicians” and finds that the more they learn about biological bases for mental disorders, the less empathy they have for patients (see summary on Medical Xpress).“Biological explanations are like a double-edged sword,” said Matthew Lebowitz, a Yale graduate student in psychology and lead author of the study. “They tend to make patients appear less blameworthy but the overemphasis on biology to explain psychopathology can be dehumanizing by reducing people to mere biological mechanisms.“Clinicians also viewed psychotherapy as less likely to be effective when provided biological explanations for illness rather than psychosocial ones. This is problematic because many studies suggest certain types of psychotherapy are important and effective treatments for many mental disorders, the authors note.There are other downsides of biological explanations. According to the authors’ research published last year, depressed individuals tend to be more pessimistic about their prognoses the more they attribute their symptoms to biological causes.Apparently it’s depressing to be thought of as a clump of cells without control. Depressed people want to be understood as human: “it’s crucial to understand biology as something that’s part of all human experience, rather than something that separates so-called mentally ill people from everyone else,” a co-author said.We think people should know this: psychiatry is a delusional pseudoscience (see 5/10/13); even more so is psychology (5/22/14). This is not to disparage the motives of any intelligent, well-educated, caring person in those fields. It’s just to point out that, in one of their peer’s admissions, their field is clueless. They don’t know what mental illness is. They don’t know what schizophrenia is. They don’t know if it is just an evolving metaphor. Even if it’s real, they don’t know how to treat it, and some of their treatments are cruel to patients who, for whatever reason, are crippled by debilitating experiences.As for what leads to those debilitating experiences, in one sense, we’re all delusional in our dreams, which can seem very real, but most of us snap back to reality upon waking up. Who knows but that some children make early choices not to let go of their dreams, and became slaves of that habit? Habits begin with choices, but can become cruel masters. Biblical counselors believe the experiences are either caused by physical brain damage, or are spiritual in origin. If they are physical, get a doctor; medicine can help alleviate symptoms. If they are spiritual, the last person you want to see is a materialist who fools himself into thinking the cause is material when it isn’t. Find a godly pastor or Biblical counselor instead. Ultimately, though, the patient will have to choose whether to obey the Creator’s prescription. The tragic death of pastor Rick Warren’s son was not a reflection on the Bible’s counsel; ultimately, the young man made a choice against all he knew, breaking the hearts of his parents and church members who had showered so much love, prayer and help on him. Countless others have chosen differently, and have found Christ’s promise to be true: “Come unto me, all you who are weary and heavy laden, and I will give you rest… you will have rest for your souls” (Matthew 11:28-30).This entry about schizophrenia points out serious issues in the philosophy of science that apply to other scientific fields. “Science” is a big tent, conveying a great deal of respectability in our culture. There are people under this tent who wiggled their way in to share that respectability who don’t belong there. There are others who deserve to be there but are expelled by the consensus. Remember what the late novelist Michael Crichton told Caltech: “If it’s consensus, it isn’t science. If it’s science, it isn’t consensus. Period!” As we seek to understand our minds and the minds of our fellow inhabitants of the planet in order to show compassion, let us follow the evidence where it leads, within an overarching world view that alone can account for the body and the mind: Biblical creation. Unlike the secularists, we have the Creator’s own instruction manual, His Word.
Take milk with your rooibos? Fancy some pap with your wors? Brave enough to try some skop or mashonzha? Brush up on your culinary vocabulary with our quick list of indigenous South African food terms and what they mean.AchaarImported to South Africa by migrant Indians, achaar is a pickle made of mango and oil – comes spiced. Eaten in excess, it could trigger an offensive smell of the armpits.(Image: Wikimedia Commons)AmanqinaA hoof of a cow, pig or sheep. It is boiled, then spiced for taste. It is very delicious but sticky.BiltongDried and salted raw meat similar to the beef jerky made in the USA. An older Afrikaner delicacy, can be made of ostrich, beef, kudu or anyother red meat.BobotieOf Malay origin, made with minced meat and curried spices. An egg sauce is poured on top of this and it is then baked.BoereworsA traditional spicy South African sausage made of beef or lamb. Popular at open-air braais (barbecues), where it is grilled over charcoal.Bunny chowDelicious and cheap food on the go, bunny chow is curry served in a hollowed-out half-loaf of bread, generally sold in greasy-spoon cafés.ChakalakaA salad of Indian / Malay origin made of onion, garlic, ginger,green pepper, carrots and cauliflower spiced with chillies and curry.ChotloA delicacy of the Tswana people, this is meat cut into extremely small pieces with the bones removed. The meat is first boiled, then ground before being put back into the pot and stirred until it becomes very fine. A treat for the toothless.FrikkadelTraditional South African meat balls. Made from tomatoes, onion, minced beef and other ingredients, and shaped into round balls.GherkinA small pickled cucumber, often sliced thinly and used in salads or on hamburgers.KoeksustersTraditional Afrikaner, plaited dough cakes. They are syrupy, sweet but sticky.MalaIntestines, especially those of chicken. They are thoroughly cleaned, cooked in boiled water, then fried. Eaten with pap (see below).MaotwanaLegs of a chicken boiled to remove the hard skin. Thoroughly washed, salted, then fried. Often served to school kids because of their low cost.Mashonzha Worms, similar to caterpillars in appearance. These establish their habitat in and around mopani trees found in the Lowveld areas of Mpumalanga and Limpopo. Popular with the Shangaans, Vendas and Bapedi of Limpopo.MogoduTripe, thoroughly cleaned then boiled for two to three hours. Once softened, allowed to simmer before being served with pap (see below).MorogoWild spinach, the most popular being thepe; delicious when boiled, softened and served with stiff porridge.PapBoiled corn meal, often served with sous – a sauce, usually featuring tomato and onions.PotjiekosTraditional Afrikaner food, generally a rich stew, cooked in a three-legged cast-iron pot over a fire. The word means “little-pot food” in Afrikaans.(Image: Wikimedia Commons)Rooibos tea.A popular South African herbal tea made in the Cape from the Cyclopia genistoides bush. Rooibos is an Afrikaans word meaning “red bush”. Rooibos has no caffeine and less tannin than tea.SamoosaA small, spicy, triangular-shaped pie that has been deep-fried in oil. Made by the Indian and Malay communities, samoosas are popular with South Africans in general.SerobeA dish of the Tswana people. Thoroughly washed, then boiled mixture of tripe, intestines and lungs. They are cut into small pieces with a pair of scissors before being spiced to add taste.SnoekThis is a popular and tasty fish, caught off the Cape coast and often eaten smoked. If you’re lucky, you may get to experience a snoek braai – a real South African treat.SkopHead of a cow, sheep or goat. The head is first scrubbed with a sharp instrument like a razor to remove skin and unwanted parts like ears and the nose are then cut out. The head is then boiled and allowed to simmer.TingA dish favoured by the Tswanas in both South Africa and Botswana. It is a sour porridge made of sorghum – great soft porridge for breakfast!UmngqushoA delicacy among the Xhosa people, this is samp (maize kernels) mixed with beans. It is boiled over three hours then mixed with beans. Salt and oil are then added and the dish allowed to simmer.SouthAfrica.info reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo materialReviewed September 2016
The US comic book publisher and creator of some of the most popular superheroes, Marvel, has unveiled its newest project: a Nigerian female superhero called Ngozi, created by acclaimed science fiction writer Nnedi Okorafor.A panel from the forthcoming Blessing In Disguise Marvel comic book, featuring Ngozi, a Nigerian girl coming to grips with her new superpowers. The title was written by acclaimed science fiction writer Nnedi Okorafor. (Image: Marvel Comics)CD AndersonNgozi will headline in a new title in September 2017, Blessing in Disguise, with its story, written by Okorafor, set in Lagos. It will feature appearances by Black Panther and Spider-Man villain Venom.The character Ngozi, Okorafor told the BBC, was a teenager with a disability whose life changed “in an instant” when she encountered elements of the supernatural Venom-verse (universe) and acquired superpowers. Ngozi’s look and personality is based on the Chibok schoolgirls who were kidnapped by the Boko Haram militant Islamist group in 2014. Okorafor said it was an important detail to the character design to draw attention to the incident.She worked closely with artist Tana Ford to recreate an accurate representation of Nigeria and its capital Lagos. “I wanted to capture the action and vibrancy of the city. It is an awesome city with great people, with lots of potential for adventure and backstory. The city helps the story almost write itself.”The story itself uses both the tropes of the Marvel Universe – the hero’s journey, good versus evil and redemption – and elements of Afro-futurism that blend ancient African mythology with technology.The cover of Nnedi Okorafor’s 2010 sci-fi novel Who Fears Death? which will be turned into a TV series by US cable network HBO in 2018. (Image: Nnedi Okorafor)Okorafor is familiar with these concepts, having written more than 20 novels and short stories in the young adult science fiction genre, including the critically acclaimed Binti, which won the Nebula and the Hugo science fiction novella awards. She also won the Wole Soyinka Prize for Literature in Africa award for her debut novel, Zahrah The WIndseeker.Her 2010 novel Who Fears Death? has recently been optioned for a series at US cable network HBO, with Okorafor fan and Game of Thrones author George RR Martin acting as executive producer.The author hopes the Ngozi character will inspire the creation of more African comic book characters in the world of superhero fiction. “Nigeria, as well as other parts of Africa, has a very strong fan base for comics and science fiction, and a growing artist and writer community exploring elements of the genre with a distinctive African feel.”For more information on the Marvel title Blessing In Disguise, visit the Marvel website. Source: Marvel, BBCWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.