New Delhi: Singapore’s sovereign wealth fund GIC will invest up to Rs 4,400 crore in the road assets of IRB Infrastructure Developers, according to a company statement. As part of the transaction, IRB will transfer 9 of its BOT (build, operate and transfer) assets into a private infrastructure investment trust in which IRB will hold controlling stake of 51 per cent, IRB said Tuesday. The deal was approved by the board following which IRB has signed binding definitive agreements with GIC for a total investment of up to Rs 4,400 crore, including funding of future construction costs. Also Read – Thermal coal import may surpass 200 MT this fiscal”IRB Infrastructure Developers today announced investment by affiliates of GIC, Singapore’s sovereign wealth fund, in its road platform…The portfolio spans across 1,200 km in Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka,” IRB said. Three of these projects have recently become operational and another six are under various stages of construction. Five of the assets under construction are projects for widening of highways into four and six lanes where tolling as well as construction have already begun, the company said. These projects are strategically located along economic corridors and across tourist hubs, it said. IRB is one of the largest private roads and highways infrastructure developers in India claiming to have constructed over 12,600 lane kms in two decades.
OTTAWA – Canada’s national unemployment rate was 5.9 per cent in September. Here are the jobless rates last month by province (numbers from the previous month in brackets):— Newfoundland and Labrador per cent 13.6 (14.4)— Prince Edward Island 8.7 (9.3)— Nova Scotia 7.8 (8.4)— New Brunswick 7.9 (8.3)— Quebec 5.3 (5.6)— Ontario 5.9 (5.7)— Manitoba 5.8 (5.8)— Saskatchewan 6.4 (6.7)— Alberta 7.0 (6.7)— British Columbia 4.2 (5.3)
By Dana LegerRabat – The Cities Without Slums initiative intends to eradicate slums from 85 cities across Morocco in an effort to end unsanitary housing, social exclusion, and to lessen the chance of homegrown violent extremism in Morocco. Far behind schedule, if and when it reaches completion, will it be enough?Background, intentions, and progressKing Mohammed VI established the Cities Without Slums program in 2004 in the wake of the 2003 Casablanca terrorist attacks, when 12 suicide bombers from the shantytown of Sidi Moumen, a poor suburb of Casablanca, killed 45 people and injured hundreds more. The program was originally set to be completed in 2011, having received EUR 90 million from the European Commission. The tasks of the program include building sufficient, affordable, and sanitary housing for families to relocate to as the old slums are demolished. Seven years late, it has reached about 68% completion.Today, 58 of the 85 targeted cities across Morocco are “slum-free” as declared by the Ministry of National Planning, Urban Planning, Housing, and Urban Policy. The most recent city to receive such status is Settat in central Morocco.Sidi Moumen SlumsWhy eradicate slums?Often, people with low amounts of income struggle to find suitable housing that is close enough to commercial centers that are necessary for daily life. With few options for commuting from farther locations into a city on a daily basis and without the necessary funds to live inside a city, living in a slum becomes the only option.Unsanitary housingAccording to the 2011 Constitution, Moroccan citizens have an essential right to housing, water, a healthy environment, healthcare, and social security. On the other hand, slums often lack a combination of water supply, electricity, sewage, or waste management, and often unreasonable numbers of people are housed together in small spaces.MarginalizationPeople living in slums are marginalized, meaning their needs and desires are often not met by their local government or society. Marginalization creates a feeling of otherness and of social exclusion as an entire sub-group of people is ignored by their community and/or seen as lesser.Higher chances of violent radicalizationMarginalization is often one of the first of many characteristics an individual experiences on the road to violent radicalization. There are a number of factors and paths that may lead to such an end, but in shanty towns and slums, a multitude of factors that are thought to raise the chances of an individual becoming violently radicalized are present. According to research by Dr. Audrey Heffron Casserleigh at Florida State University, some of the factors that create higher chances for an individual to become violently radicalized include lack of education, unemployment, and social exclusion.That is not to say that every, or even most, individuals within a marginalized group, or those who are radically religious, or those who are affected by each of these factors will become a terrorist actor. It is perfectly possible and most common to hold radical beliefs and/or be a part of communities affected by these circumstances and yet be nothing close to a terrorist. Communities such as these simply have a higher chance than others to become locations for recruitment.According to Casserleigh, the difference lies in the fact that terrorist actors are intolerant of those who go against their moral absolutes and are motivated by something bigger than the act itself, whether it be a political, religious, or social motivation. In addition, those who commit terrorist acts make a rational decision to do so when they believe that alternate measures have already been taken and failed, and they feel that there is no other way left to make their voice heard.One strategy to reduce the likelihood of individuals feeling such extreme voicelessness is community engagement for all groups. The Cities Without Slums program exemplifies this strategy as it aims to bring marginalized people into mainstream society through housing solutions.SustainabilityThe question that remains is whether the program will ever be completed, and even if so, what preventive measures will be taken to deter the return of slums to Moroccan cities?Morocco has been rapidly urbanizing for decades. UN-Habitat predicts that urban Morocco will continue to grow by 290,000 inhabitants every year until 2030. The problem is most likely not going to disappear by simply demolishing slums and relocating families. The program is struggling to keep up with its current number of households in need, and with every year, more are added.Beyond that, not only is affordable, sanitary, and available housing an issue within itself, but people also settle in shanty towns such as Sidi Moumen because there are not sufficient employment opportunities and education. Morocco has an official unemployment rate of 10.5 percent and a literacy rate of only 68.5 percent. If there were more of a focus on these issues as well in order to attempt to solve the problem at the root, there would be better chances of sustaining “slum-free” cities.The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Morocco World News’ editorial views.© Morocco World News. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, rewritten or redistributed without permission.
Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP) General Secretary Maithripala Sirisena admits there are criminals and drug dealers in his party.He was shown on television, Monday night, speaking at an event saying at times as the SLFP General Secretary he has not been too happy. The SLFP has been accused in recent times of protecting Minister Mervin Silva and MP Duminda Silva despite both having serious allegations against their names.Mervin Silva is known to have links with the underworld and drug dealers while Duminda Silva is facing murder charges. Sirisena however did not mention names but said among those criminals are Ministers and Deputy Ministers. This, he says is because there have been criminals including rapists, drug dealers and others in the party which is now governing the country.
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Dr Harsha de Silva attended the 15th Meeting of the Council of Ministers of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) in Padang, Indonesia.The Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) is the only regional organization consisting coastal nations bordering the Indian Ocean and seven dialogue partners consisting of the world’s leading economies. IORA performs as a regional forum for strengthening economic, socio-cultural and technological cooperation among the member states through mutual cooperation. The Deputy Minister in his statement to the Council highlighted the importance of regional cooperation amongst the Indian Ocean Rim countries to address the challenges and exploit the benefits for IORA communityand and pledged Sri Lanka’s continued support and commitment towards IORA’s objectives and work plan.The Dialogue Partners of IORA namely China, Japan, Egypt, France, USA, UK and Germany assured IORA of their enhanced engagement with the institution to support its ongoing and future programmes. Maritime Safety & Security, Trade and Investment Facilitation, Fisheries and Aquaculture Management, Academic, Science & Technology Cooperation and Tourism and cultural Exchangesare IORA’s priority areas towards reaching economic prosperity in the region. On the sidelines of the Council Meeting Deputy Minister held several discussions with the Foreign Ministers of Australia, Mauritius, South Africa and also with the Deputy or State Ministers from India and Singapore among others.
She also met with the Chief Minister of the Eastern Province, Nazeer Ahmed, and Provincial Minister of Education, Cultural Affairs, Sports, and Youth Affairs, S. Thandauthapani, to discuss the importance of investing in young people. Sri Lanka’s health indicators often stand out compared to its South Asian counterparts. However, areas like the Eachchilampattu Division in Trincomalee hardly meet the basic needs of its community and are reminders of the regional disparities in access to quality services in the country, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in Sri Lanka said.UNFPA Country Representative, Ms. Ritsu Nacken visited Trincomalee and met with the Governor of the Eastern Province, Austin Fernando, to affirm UNFPAs long-standing commitment to the Eastern Province. Acknowledging the high level of unemployed graduates in Trincomalee, Chief Minister Nazeer, stated: “It is imperative to address regional disparities among youth that exist in education, health and skills development”. Sri Lanka’s health indicators often stand out compared to its South Asian counterparts. However, areas like the Eachchilampattu Division in Trincomalee hardly meet the basic needs of its community and are reminders of the regional disparities in access to quality services in the country. Ms. Nacken also made a visit to the Eachilampattu Hospital and to the village community in the area.Through the visit, it was highlighted that while Sri Lanka has good national health indicators, regional disparities in access to quality health care and other services exist; the need to address these issues, while harnessing youth potential is a must in the journey towards achieving the 2030 agenda while leaving no one behind. (Colombo Gazette)
Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article Rescuers find trekker who survived in remote mountainous terrain for 47 days The man’s partner had died three days before rescuers arrived, he said. http://jrnl.ie/3360464 By AFP Apr 26th 2017, 10:12 PM Short URL Wednesday 26 Apr 2017, 10:12 PM Share73 Tweet Email1 RESCUERS TODAY FOUND found two Taiwanese trekkers who went missing in a remote mountainous part of Nepal seven weeks ago, but only one survived the ordeal.Liu Chen-chun (19) died just three days before the rescue team located the couple in northwest Nepal, but her boyfriend managed to survive despite running out of food.Liang Sheng-yueh (21) is being treated in hospital in Kathmandu where he was airlifted after being rescued from the steep slope where the couple had been trapped for over a month.“He was sleeping when we found them,” one of the rescuers Madhav Basnyat told AFP.“He woke up after he heard us. We were very surprised to find him alive. He said that the girl died three days earlier.”Basnyat said that the two had followed a river downhill in the hope of finding a village but became stuck when they reached the edge of a waterfall and were unable to climb back up.“They had been trapped there for 47 days when we reached,” he said.Speaking haltingly and in broken English as he sipped hot soup, Liang told AFP it had been “very cold” on the mountain, and difficult to sleep.Doctors treating Liang said that he had lost 30 kilos and maggots had infested his right leg.“When he was brought in he had maggots and was starved because he hadn’t eaten,” Sanjay Karki, his doctor said.The couple survived on potatoes and noodles until they ran out of food and had to keep going on water alone.Liang’s father had travelled to Nepal after the couple went missing and chartered a helicopter to search for them.Spring is peak season in Nepal’s snow-capped peaks, a popular hiking destination with around 150,000 trekkers visiting the Annapurna and Everest regions every year.- © AFP, 2017Read: Is Everest still the tallest peak? Scientists aren’t too sureRead: Baby killed in helicopter crash in Nepal A family member gives water to Taiwanese man Liang Sheng-yueh at the Grande Hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal. Image: AP Photo/Niranjan Shrestha Image: AP Photo/Niranjan Shrestha A family member gives water to Taiwanese man Liang Sheng-yueh at the Grande Hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal. 2 Comments 22,682 Views
04.12.18 Chemsex: How dangerous party drugs are sourced and stored in Ireland [L-R] Suellen Miguez, Carlos Edurardio Libardi Da Silva, Bernardo Henrique Salles, Isabella Braga Da Silva Source: Met PoliceFOUR MEMBERS OF an organised crime group connected to the supply and distribution of drugs linked to chemsex have been convicted in the UK. Two women and two men were found guilty today at the conclusion of an eight-week trial at Inner London Crown Court. Suellen Miguez (34) was convicted of 14 counts involving the conspiracy to supply Class A, B and C drugs and removing criminal property from the country.Carlos Edurardio Libardi Da Silva (33) was convicted of 14 counts involving the conspiracy to supply Class A, B and C drugs and money laundering .Bernardo Henrique Salles (25) was convicted of 14 counts involving the conspiracy to supply Class A, B and C drugs and money laundering.Isabella Braga Da Silva (21) was convicted of 14 counts involving the conspiracy to supply Class A, B and C drugs.Detectives from the Met Police’s Trident and Area Command led an investigation into the Brazilian gang for five months between March and July 2018. Their enquiries found that the group set up a courier network of more than 43 mopeds to transport and sell drugs across London using a dedicated drugs line number. They predominantly functioned by renting properties for short periods of time and using them as safe houses to store the drugs before moving onto other addresses every couple of days. Between 25 July and 20 August 2018, the police operation culminated in a series of arrests in Wandsworth and Newham. On 25 July, Braga De Silva was arrested after being stopped by police beside a car that contained more than £500,000 (€577,737) worth of drugs. Officers also seized £40,000 (€46,219) cash and drug equipment from the vehicle including plastic wrapping and a credit card receiver to handle card transactions.Miguez and Libardi Da Silva were arrested shortly after on 30 July.Miguez was seen leaving a self-storage unit in Ingate Place, Battersea in possession of more than £100,000 (€115,547) worth of drugs. It was identified that Libardi Da Silva had dropped Miguez off at the address a short while before and he was quickly located and apprehended.Salles was linked to the gang through police surveillance and was arrested on 20 August 2018.Cocaine, heroin, crystal meth, GBL and cannabis worth approximately £3 million (€3,466,402) was seized following searches at five different storage facilities across London. The investigation found that the gang sold more than £2.5 million (€2.8 million) worth of drugs between 2016 and 2018. “This investigation saw the largest ever seizure of GBL in the UK. I am incredibly proud of the hard work and dedication shown by my team throughout the course of this investigation which has disrupted a huge network and taken six dangerous people off the streets,” Met Police Detective Inspector Andy Durham said. “I hope today’s conviction reassures communities that are listening and taking action. Please keep supplying us with information either about drug dealing, or about people you feel may be exploited by drug dealers.”Want to talk about G or chemsex? Here are some of the support services available: Wednesday 20 Mar 2019, 7:47 PM Four members of London crime group convicted over supplying drugs linked to chemsex The Met Police led an investigation into the Brazilian gang for five months between March and July 2018. HSE-National Drug Treatment Centre: 01 648 8600 (advice can be read here)Gay Men’s Health Service (which runs workshops on understanding chemsex, among other services): 087 229 1860Gay Switchboard Ireland: 01 872 1055Man2Man.ieRialto Community Drug Team: 01 454 0021Comments are closed as legal proceedings are ongoing. Mar 20th 2019, 7:47 PM No Comments 12.09.18 How one drug can make sex euphoric, but also destroy lives Share4 Tweet Email2 Short URL 23,881 Views 23.12.18 ‘People are replacing it with crystal meth or 2 litres of vodka a day’: G detoxification referrals jump by 4,600% By Hayley Halpin Related Reads https://jrnl.ie/4552911 Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article
Apple : qui est Tim Cook le nouveau directeur général ?Mercredi, Steve Jobs, le grand patron d’Apple, a passé la main à son plus proche collaborateur, Tim Cook. Portrait du nouveau boss de la marque à la pomme.Sur l’organigramme d’Apple, c’est son visage qui apparaît désormais tout en haut. Timothy Cook, 50 ans, est désormais le nouveau PDG de la marque à la pomme. Un homme peu connu du grand public, qui a toujours laissé la lumière à Steve Jobs… mais qui n’en est pas moins brillant. Après avoir travaillé durant 12 ans chez IBM, occupé un poste important chez le revendeur informatique Intelligent Electronics et été vice-président de Compaq, Tim Cook a rejoint Cupertino en 1998, révèle 20 Minutes. Et c’est Steve Jobs lui-même qui l’a fait venir, non sans avoir auparavant rembarré plusieurs candidats. À lire aussiiPhone 6 : un smartphone fragile qui se plierait en restant dans une poche ?C’est sous son impulsion que la marque change de stratégie, réduisant ainsi sa gamme de produits ainsi que le nombre de distributeurs et de revendeurs. En 2000, il prend la direction des ventes internationales et en 2004 celle de la division Macintosh. Surtout, c’est lui qui a assuré la relève de Steve Jobs ces dernières années, lorsqu’il avait été éloigné par ses problèmes de santé. “Tim Cook et l’équipe exécutive ont déjà montré qu’ils pouvaient continuer de faire fonctionner Apple en l’absence de Steve Jobs (…) Il a vécu l’expérience Apple au quotidien ces 10 dernières années. Il comprend la manière dont Steve Jobs réfléchit. Il comprend sa vision des choses et je n’ai aucun doute en ce qui concerne l’avenir de l’entreprise ces 2 ou 5 prochaines années”, expliquait déjà en début d’année Tim Bajarin, analyste à la Silicon Valley. D’ailleurs, dans un courriel adressé aux employés d’Apple, Tim Cook ne semble pas vouloir rompre avec la politique de son prédécesseur. “Je veux que vous soyez confiants dans le fait qu’Apple ne va pas changer (…). Steve a bâti une entreprise et une culture comme nulle autre dans le monde et nous allons rester fidèles à cela”. Ce diplômé de l’Université de Duke sait en tout cas s’y prendre pour communiquer. A lui de continuer de faire ses preuves…Le 26 août 2011 à 11:42 • Maxime Lambert
San Diego Police Foundation hosts annual Women in Blue luncheon March 7, 2019 KUSI Newsroom, Updated: 10:17 AM KUSI Newsroom Posted: March 7, 2019 Categories: Local San Diego News FacebookTwitter 00:00 00:00 spaceplay / pause qunload | stop ffullscreenshift + ←→slower / faster ↑↓volume mmute ←→seek . seek to previous 12… 6 seek to 10%, 20% … 60% XColor SettingsAaAaAaAaTextBackgroundOpacity SettingsTextOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundSemi-TransparentOpaqueTransparentFont SettingsSize||TypeSerif MonospaceSerifSans Serif MonospaceSans SerifCasualCursiveSmallCapsResetSave SettingsSAN DIEGO (KUSI) – The San Diego Police Foundation hosted its 9th annual Women in Blue luncheon today. According to the foundation, the Women in Blue initiative honors women in public safety, who demonstrate outstanding leadership, courage, strength, and resilience in a profession historically dominated by men.The luncheon also raised much-needed funds for the San Diego Police Foundation.
The deadline for renewing the nation’s highway programs is nine days away. Leaders in the Senate this week negotiated a bill that would fund highways for the next six years. But it would require selling off $9 billion of crude oil that’s stashed in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.Download AudioSenator Lisa Murkowski, chairman of the Senate Energy Committee, objected to the bill on the Senate floor Tuesday. Murkowski says the nation’s crude stockpile, housed in Louisiana and Texas, ensures the country always has the energy it needs.“It is certainly not the petty cash drawer for Congress,” Murkowski said. “We’ve got a responsibility here. A decision to sell substantial volumes of oil will increase our vulnerability to future supply disruptions.”The top Democrat on the energy committee, Sen. Maria Cantwell of Washington, also objects to the reserve sell-off.Analysts question the math of they bill. They say it assumes an average price of $89 a barrel for oil — far higher than today’s prices. The bill does not increase or inflation-proof the federal per-gallon gasoline tax, which used to be how Congress paid for highway construction and maintenance.Democrats blocked the bill’s advancement yesterday, saying they needed time to read the legislation.
This week we’re hearing from Sophie Leshan in Anchorage. Leshan is originally from Ann Arbor, Michigan and moved to Anchorage in 2013. She will be the University of Alaska Anchorage’s Fall commencement speaker on Sunday.Listen NowSophie Leshan of Anchorage (Photo by Wesley Early, Alaska Public Media – Anchorage)LESHAN: It wasn’t something I planned on. I actually only anticipated being in Anchorage for about a semester before I, kind of, applied to other schools. But I really just immersed myself in the community and just embraced everything it had to offer. And here I am, 3.5 years later about to graduate.I feel like I’m a lifelong learner. Going to school and being a student and being a learner just really excites me. I just dove right into my classes, dove right into different campus leadership opportunities, and it was really motivating and I think just helped me chug along and build that momentum.I loved being in Michigan. I was always outside, but I was just so excited to explore the vast world that I saw in National Geographic. I remember devouring those magazines and seeing the pictures of all the beautiful places. And sometimes, living in Alaska, I feel like I’m living in a National Geographic magazine or special.I’ll post pictures of moose sometimes, and I’ll have friends from back home in Michigan be like, “Wow! It looks so friendly. Why didn’t you pet it?” Oh no! I feel like people really don’t understand that moose need their space. They are most comfortable when you are giving them a lot of distance. So I would just clarify, if you come to Alaska, and you happen to spot a moose… look, observe, embrace the moment, share that moment with the moose, but also take a few steps back. Know moose safety.I have this big list of books that I’ve been striving to read that I just haven’t had time for as a student, so I’m excited to just dig in and delve into some books. I’m excited to be more involved in the community. I just moved into the Spenard/Turnagain neighborhood, and I’m excited to go to our Community Council meetings and find out more about the neighborhood and how I can be an active member within my neighborhood.I’m just excited in the immediate future to continue building relationships within different schools that I’m subbing at, and getting to know teachers, and getting to know the tools and strategies they’re using, and getting to make a difference in the students’ lives. I’m just so excited for what’s to come.
Mohammad MakhloufPR HandoutSyria has been witnessing pro-democracy protests by its countrymen since March 2011 over president Assad’s resignation. The government’s use of force to crush the dissent has only hardened the agitators’ resolve over the years. As violence escalated across the nation and thousands of protestors took to the streets, much of Syria’s old glory was lost in the process.By 2013, over 80,000 people died in Syria, while the damage incurred through property loss is almost inestimable. Not only the country’s economy took a downward slide, deep impact was felt in the agricultural, industrial and employment sectors. As we spoke to Mohammad Makhlouf, we realised that hope triumphs everything, even amid so much hostility and pain.Makhlouf is among those few men who took the pledge to rebuild the war-ravaged nation through their various developmental initiatives. The 22-year-old Damascus-based industrialist is eyeing to bring about a fresh beginning to the nation’s real estate scene with his MRM Holding venture. One of the biggest construction firms in Syria, the company is about to be launched in 2022.With capital investment of $300 million without any bank loan, MRM Holding, which is going to be the prime factor behind overhauling the entire architecture sector and rehabilitating several displaced natives, will fetch around $500 million once it starts commissioning.Makhlouf, a BBA graduate from American University in Dubai, is the co-founder of Future Builders, another real estate initiative that promises to resolve the burning issues concerning safe accommodation for Syrians.”On one hand, my studies helped me develop business acumen, critical thinking, decision making abilities and managerial and effective communication expertise. My lineage, on the other hand, made me understand the problem of my fellow countrymen. My family always pursue business that serve people and there is no better feeling in the world to have worked for your nation,” said Makhlouf whose single-ownership MRM Holding is the only company in Syria that has garnered the highest amount of capital even before its launch.Makhlouf’s noble initiatives have been bestowed with recognitions like Syria’s Most Charitable Individual 2018 and Al-Amad Award among others. His MRM Charity works on several noble projects to serve the war victims, especially children, round the year. Makhlouf’s Milk Man Daily Products have ensured regular yet economy nourishment for the masses.The young industrialist has left his imprint in the health and hospital sector too. So that children do not have to experience the ill effects of conflicts, Makhlouf has developed a charity stadium for them at Latakia where they can engage in some recreational activities.The kind-hearted Syrian dedicated his personal ambulance service soon after he came across a two-month-old fire victim at Rotana, Latakia. Five more ambulances were also pressed into action for the rest of the victims. For war-ridden Syria, personalities like Makhlouf are like a gust of fresh wind. He is among that handful of businessmen in the entire world who put people’s welfare ahead of mere monetary profits.
(PhysOrg.com) — Entropy can decrease, according to a new proposal – but the process would destroy any evidence of its existence, and erase any memory an observer might have of it. It sounds like the plot to a weird sci-fi movie, but the idea has recently been suggested by theoretical physicist Lorenzo Maccone, currently a visiting scientist at MIT, in an attempt to solve a longstanding paradox in physics. Citation: Physicist Proposes Solution to Arrow-of-Time Paradox (2009, August 27) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-08-physicist-solution-arrow-of-time-paradox.html Explore further A new theory suggests that we don’t observe phenomena where entropy decreases because all evidence from these processes is erased when correlations are removed from the system. Image credit: cguu.com. The laws of physics, which describe everything from electricity to moving objects to energy conservation, are time-invariant. That is, the laws still hold if time is reversed. However, this time reversal symmetry is in direct contrast with everyday phenomena, where it’s obvious that time moves forward and not backward. For example, when milk is spilt, it can’t flow back up into the glass, and when pots are broken, their pieces can’t shatter back together. This irreversibility is formalized through the second law of thermodynamics, which says that entropy always increases or stays the same, but never decreases.This contrast has created a reversibility paradox, also called Loschmidt’s paradox, which scientists have been trying to understand since Johann Loschmidt began considering the problem in 1876. Scientists have proposed many solutions to the conundrum, from trying to embed irreversibility in physical laws to postulating low-entropy initial states.Maccone’s idea, published in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters, is a completely new approach to the paradox, based on the assumption that quantum mechanics is valid at all scales. He theoretically shows that entropy can both increase and decrease, but that it must always increase for phenomena that leave a trail of information behind. Entropy can decrease for certain phenomena (when correlated with an observer), but these phenomena won’t leave any information of their having happened. For these situations, it’s like the phenomena never happened at all, since they leave no evidence. As Maccone explains, the second law of thermodynamics is then reduced to a mere tautology: physics cannot study processes where entropy has decreased, due to a complete absence of information. The solution allows for time-reversible phenomena to exist (in agreement with the laws of physics), but not be observable (in agreement with the second law of thermodynamics).In his study, Maccone presents two thought experiments to illustrate this idea, followed by an analytical derivation. He describes two situations where entropy decreases and all records of it are permanently erased. In both scenarios, the entropy in the systems first increases and then decreases, but the decrease is accompanied by an erasure of any memory of its occurrence. The key to entropy decrease in the first place is a correlation between the observer and the phenomenon in question. As Maccone explains, when an interaction occurs between an observer and an observed phenomenon that decreases the entropy of the correlated observer-observed system, the interaction must also reduce their quantum mutual information. When this information is destroyed, the observer’s memory is destroyed along with it. Could Maxwell’s Demon Exist in Nanoscale Systems? In the first situation where entropy decreases, Maccone describes a situation where Bob sends Alice some energy in the form of light, initially in a zero-entropy state. Using detectors, Alice receives the light and observes her detectors warming up, revealing that heat has been lost and entropy is increasing in her isolated lab. However, Bob can theoretically manipulate the situation by withdrawing the energy he has sent Alice, and then erasing all evidence of the energy’s existence – including erasing her memory and the notepads where she wrote the detectors’ temperatures. First, to recover the energy, Bob must return the energy to a zero-entropy state. He does this by erasing all correlations between the energy and Alice, and any other macroscopic systems in the lab. By erasing all initial correlations, Bob can enable the system to lose entropy. Although the act of decorrelating requires energy, Maccone explains that it doesn’t necessarily cause entropy to increase.“Any physical transformation requires energy (no energy implies no time evolution, i.e. a static system),” he told PhysOrg.com. “This, however, doesn’t automatically imply that entropy is increased. Entropy increases when (part of) the energy employed becomes unusable as waste heat.“Some energy is employed in the decorrelation transformation. Not only is such energy still available afterwards, but the decorrelation might also decrease the entropy in two systems, and that can ‘free’ some more energy that was previously unavailable (as it was locked up as heat).”The second situation where entropy decreases involves a quantum measurement instead of a classical one. Here, Bob sends Alice a particle in a specific spin state. Alice performs a quantum measurement that consists of coupling the particle with a macroscopic reservoir, which increases the entropy of the system. But once again, Bob can theoretically manipulate the situation, this time by inverting the transformation of Alice’s measurement. This action decorrelates all records of Alice’s measurement results from the spin state. Although Alice remembers performing the experiment, she has no memory or evidence of what the measurement result was, and the spin is back to its initial zero-entropy state. Although theoretically possible, these situations in which entropy decreases would be very difficult to demonstrate experimentally, due to the difficulty in manipulating macroscopic correlations. That is why, for all practical purposes, these phenomena are unobservable by physics. Still, as Maccone explains, the theory is a straightforward application of quantum mechanics when applied to macroscopic systems, and could potentially be verified. “I think that if quantum coherence can be indubitably proven on a macroscopic observer (not necessarily a human being), then my approach would be verified,” he said. “An experiment of the sort of the second thought experiment, for example. The state of the art of experiments is quite far from anything of that sort. The biggest system where quantum coherence has been experimentally shown is, I think, some biological molecule composed of a few hundred atoms by A. Zeilinger’s group in Vienna.”The explanation may also provide insight into understanding entropy in the universe. The approach supports the idea that the universe may be in a state of zero entropy, even though it appears to us observers to have higher entropy. As Maccone explains, the universe is in a zero-entropy pure state because it cannot be entangled with any other system.“My theory requires that the global state of the observer plus the environment be in a quantum pure state,” he said. “This means that it works only if we consider a sufficiently large system that it cannot be correlated with any other system. However, correlations (entanglement, in quantum systems) are very sticky; namely, systems get correlated very quickly also if they are very weakly interacting. This is why, when one considers macroscopic systems, the only safe choice is to consider the whole universe, which cannot be correlated with any other system, since, by definition, it comprises all physical systems.”More information: Lorenzo Maccone. “Quantum Solution to the Arrow-of-Time Dilemma.” Physical Review Letters 103, 080401 (2009).Copyright 2009 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Cameron summoned his spy chiefs to his Chequers country retreat on Saturday soon after the beheading video of Alan Henning was released.Cameron is keen to get his hands on Henning’s murderer and wants to send the SAS to capture or kill the man known as ‘Jihadi John’. Cameron recently confirmed to the UN general assembly that ISIS ‘was recruiting new fighters from all over the world. Around 500 have gone there from my country Britain, and one of them almost certainly brutally murdered two American journalists and a British aid worker.’’ Also Read – Pro-Govt supporters rally as Hong Kong’s divisions deepenISIS holds more western hostages and has pledged to kill them subsequently including British photo journalist John Cantlie and Peter Kassig, a US aid worker. Recently, foreign secretary Philip Hammond admitted ‘We don’t know where he is. We have considered every possible option to support these kidnap victims – both British and others – and if we knew where they were, it would be a different story but we don’t know where they are’. According to Cameron ‘ISIL is not a problem restricted to just one region. It has murderous plans to expand its borders.’
Kolkata: Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Friday wrote to Prime Minister Narendra Modi stating that she would not be attending the Niti Aayog meeting scheduled on June 15. She termed it as “fruitless” as she believes that the body does not have any financial powers to support state plans.”Given the fact that the Niti Aayog has no financial powers and the power to support state plans, it is fruitless for me to attend the meeting of a body that is bereft of any financial powers,” Banerjee’s letter to Modi read. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataIt further stated: “The experience of the last four-and-half-years we had with the Niti Aayog, brings me back to my earlier suggestion to you that we focus on the Inter-State Council (ISC) constituted under Article 263 of the Constitution, with appropriate modifications, to enable the ISC to discharge its augmented range of functions as the nodal entity of the country. This will deepen cooperative federalism and strengthen federal polity.” She also suggested that the National Development Council which has been given a quiet burial may also be subsumed within the broadened constitutional body of the ISC. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateIt may be mentioned that when the formation of a new institution replacing the Planning Commission was announced on August 15, 2014, Banerjee had expressed her surprise at the ‘unilateral’ announcement “which was not preceded by any discussion with the Chief Ministers of the states for their views”. Banerjee had wrote a letter proposing to the Prime Minister that instead of setting up a new body in place of the Planning Commission, “…it may be more appropriate to assign the decision making responsibilities of the Planning Commission to the Inter State Council which is a constitutional entity under Article 263 of the Constitution formed by a Presidential Order on May 28, 1990.” The letter reiterated that the Niti Aayog that was formed on January 1, 2015, was not assigned with any financial powers to assist the states and was not entrusted with the Planning Commission’s need assessment theory. “Furthermore, the new body also lacks the power of supporting the annual plan of the states,” it added. In support of her views, she pointed out that a former Chairman of the Finance Commission of India, in a recent research paper has suggested that Niti Aayog be given financial powers as a part of efforts to address regional imbalances. Banerjee had skipped the Niti Aayog meetings earlier too expressing her displeasure over the dissolution of the Planning Commission and the creation of the new structure. “Niti Aayog has fixed four to five agendas. There is hardly any platform for the states to voice their opinion. So it is useless to be present,” Banerjee said responding to a poser about her decision in not attending the Niti Aayog meeting.
By the 7th century BC, ancient Babylonia fell under the shadow of other powers in the region. But then a great king was born — it was time for Babylon to rise again. Nebuchadnezzar II was Babylon’s great builder king, reigning from 605 until 562 BC. In his more than 40 years of rule, Nebuchadnezzar II extended the borders of his kingdom and undertook immense architectural efforts in his cities, most notably in the capital of Babylon.For one, the iconic, glimmering-blue Ishtar Gate was commissioned under his command, the reconstruction of which can today be seen in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.An engraving on an eye stone of onyx with an inscription of Nebuchadnezzar II.If Nebuchadnezzar was loved for his great achievements by his own people, he was, of course, not so much admired by those whom he confronted. When the kingdom of Judah also fell under Babylonian dominion, and the Jewish elite were sent into exile to Babylon, Nebuchadnezzar ensured his name would enter the Holy Scriptures as the great enemy of the Jewish people. In the Book of Jeremiah and the Book of Daniel, he would be referred to as the “enemy of God.” This depiction of Nebuchadnezzar has endured throughout the ages, going so far as to associate him with the “Antichrist” in some circles. A famous example of this is William Blake’s famous painting of Nebuchadnezzar, showing him in a brute, almost demonic state.Nebuchadnezzar II by William BlakeNebuchadnezzar II inherited the throne from his father, Nabopolassar, the first in the Chaldean lineage of kings to reign the Neo-Babylonian Empire. Nabopolassar, who claimed the throne around 625 BC, began Babylon’s decade-long confrontation with the neighboring Assyrians. The Assyrians lost the war, but their allies such as Egypt remained an open issue.Building Inscription of King Nebuchadnezar II at the Ishtar Gate.Nebuchadnezzar II inherited the throne from his father Nabopolassar in 604/605 BC. He had already demonstrated his prowess as Prince Consort, defeating the combined Egyptian and Assyrian armies in a battle near Carchemish. He was celebrated as a hero after the battle, as he appropriated new territories into the Neo-Babylonian empire.Under Nebuchadnezzar II, Babylonia continued to grow in strength and power. The empire stretched from the Persian Gulf on the south, through the ancient rivers of Tigris and Euphrates in the middle, and ending to the west with Syria and Palestine. The territories included the historic Kingdom of Judea, which Nebuchadnezzar II claimed from Egypt, the most serious competitor to retain control of this territory.This small terracotta cylinder records the work on the walls of the city of Babylon by the king Nabopolassar. Photo by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg) CC BY-SA 4.0What Nebuchadnezzar basically did was to drain each new territory he controlled of its gold and treasures, investing them for the prosperity and revival of Babylon.In fact, this would be his life mission: to restore the former glory of the name of Babylon, lost in the previous century when much of the region was in the dominion of the Assyrians.Nebuchadnezzar IHis own name must have served as a motivation as well. Nebuchadnezzar I was another great monarch, who had reigned Babylon from 1125 BC to 1104 BC and was the most distinguished ruler of that dynasty. Both of them share one other thing in common: they centered religion around the deity of Marduk, despite building their empires centuries apart.As for building Babylon, Nebuchadnezzar II stunningly improved the defensive structures by adding fortifications, walls, a great moat, and canals. Water, which was a precious resource for Babylon, was secured with a most sophisticated irrigation system, previously unseen in the known world.This hand-coloured engraving, probably made in the 19th century after the first excavations in the Assyrian capitals, depicts the fabled Hanging Gardens, with the Tower of Babel in the background.This same advanced water system could have well nourished the enigmatic Hanging Gardens of Babylon — traces of which have never been found by archeologists, but we learn about their grandiose from ancient scriptures.The Hanging Gardens could have been yet another of Nebuchadnezzar’s accomplishments, as some sources hint, perhaps a gift to his wife Amytis of Media.Detail of a terracotta cylinder of Nebuchadnezzar II, recording the building and reconstruction works at Babylon, 604–562 BC. From Babylon, Iraq, housed in the British Museum Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg) CC BY-SA 4.0Nebuchadnezzar II also paved the Processional Way which connected with the famous Ishtar Gate. It would be around the Ishtar Gate that Babylonians would gather to celebrate a new agricultural year and engage in related New Year religious processions.Daniel Interpreting Nebuchadnezzar’s DreamThe prosperity of Nebuchadnezzar’s Babylon had implications far greater than he could have possibly imagined.After the death of Nebuchadnezzar, the exiled Judean populations were able to go back and rebuild their city of Jerusalem. But many of them also opted to stay in Babylon, which, in the meantime, had grown as their new, thriving religious center.René-Antoine Houasse’s 1676 painting Nebuchadnezzar giving royal order to your subjects the construction of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon to please his Consort Amyitis.The Babylonian Talmud was produced in the city, today considered the principal source of Jewish religious law and theology.National Geographic writes on the effect of the exile: “The pain of separation from home runs through the books of the Bible devoted to this time, resulting in some of its most beautiful passages. In his allegory of the Exile, Ezekiel casts Nebuchadnezzar as a ‘great eagle, with great wings and long pinions, rich in plumage of many colors.’”Stone from the ruins of Babylon with a long inscription describing the achievements of Nebuchadnezzar II (605-562 BC). British Museum Photo by BabelStone CC BY-SA 3.0“The eagle king is presented as an instrument of God, who carries away the Jews and plants them as a seedling in ‘fertile soil; a plant by abundant waters, he set it like a willow twig’ (Ezekiel 17:35). The experience profoundly shaped Jewish religious and national identity.”Read another story from us: Extinct Babylonian Language is Back and in a Movie When King Nebuchadnezzar II passed away in 562 BC, the glory and power of Babylon quickly plummeted. There was no succeeding ruler great enough to endure his legacy. Just two decades later, a new power rose to prominence in the region. Led by Cyrus the Great, the Persians seized Babylon and it was the beginning of a new era for this great ancient power center.
Source = e-Travel Blackboard: P.T Singapore Airlines (SIA) is open to any “interesting” opportunity in terms of selling its stake in British airline Virgin Atlantic. Virgin Atlantic made its intentions to merge the carrier with another airline clear approximately six months ago. Richard Branson, 51 percent stakeholder in Virgin Atlantic, recently confirmed receiving interest from several parties regarding a possible merger, according to TODAYonline. Vice-president of public affairs at SIA Nicholas Ionides said “at this point no decision has been made about an immediate divestment of our stake in Virgin.” Malaysian low-cost carrier, AirAsia, were reportedly considering a bid for Virgin Atlantic, however AirAsia recently refuted these claims telling MediaCorp that it had no plans to acquire a stake in the carrier.Regional transports and consumers analyst at RBS Asia Securities John Rachmat said that European and American airlines would be interested in Virgin as they will have a greater scope for operational integration.
By Andria KadesThe House labour committee has set authorities a deadline of the end of January to present a set of concrete proposals to create a centre for adults with special needs.“Up they are 21, children with special needs attend special schools,” committee chairman Andreas Fakontis told MPs on Monday. “After they are 21, there is a gap. There are no state institutions that can welcome or offer proper support, treatment, therapy or education to them.”Although help can be offered through the private sector, these institutions cannot cover all their requirements.Fakontis said the Volunteer Commissioner would coordinate a team comprised of the labour, health and education ministries to appear before the committee by the end of January “with specific proposals aimed at covering this huge gap offering support and relief to families that face this problem.”According to DISY MP Efthimios Diplaros, individuals that receive various forms of therapy such as speech therapy or music therapy at a state institution are forced to leave once they hit 21 years of age, something completely inappropriate for 2015.As a consequence “several parents are forced to quit their jobs so they can be with their children. The majority of these children fall into depression because they can’t have the level of care they receive from institutions from their parents.”DIKO MP Antonis Antoniou described how parents struggle to take care of their children as they get older and there is always the issue as to what happens to the children once their parents die.He said they had submitted a draft bill in 2009 for centres to open offering training and therapy.“It is unbelievable that a matter we raised in 2009 has not been resolved in 2015.”You May LikeLuxury Crossover SUV I Search AdsThese SUVs Are The Cream Of The Crop. Search For 2019 Luxury Crossover SUV DealsLuxury Crossover SUV I Search AdsUndoProstaGenix SupplementHow To: Boost Prostate Health (Do This Daily)ProstaGenix SupplementUndoGundry MD Untox SupplementAre There Toxins In Your Food? Heart Surgeon Says Be CarefulGundry MD Untox SupplementUndo Concern over falling tourism numbersUndoTurkish Cypriot actions in Varosha ‘a clear violation’ of UN resolutions, Nicosia saysUndoPensioner dies after crash on Paphos-Polis roadUndoby Taboolaby Taboola
The government on Wednesday reiterated its support for transferring Co-op properties seized by the state following the demise of the former Cyprus Co-operative Bank to local authorities and public services.“On February 20, a decision was taken whereby a large amount of the seized real-estate would be granted for use either by communities or by services that are beneficial for the public,” said government spokesperson Prodromos Prodromou, speaking after the cabinet meeting on Wednesday.Following the collapse of the Co-op Bank last year and its subsequent sale to the Hellenic Bank, a total of 2,815 properties of a cumulative value of €600 million, fell into government hands and specifically to the state-owned Cyprus Asset Management Company (Kedipes).Cabinet members have reiterated their support for the decision, which has been demanded by a wide range of groups whose co-operative savings fund was the previous owner and manager of the properties.That the government follows-up on this promise is one of the demands of a large-scale demonstration scheduled for Wednesday evening, where affected groups including farmers, educators, pensioners and community organisations will call for the seized property to be returned to them.“Although the deadline is set at four months from now, the procedure has already begun – applications have been accepted, the existing list [of properties] and the legal procedures needed are being studied, and decisions will be announced as soon as possible,” Prodromou said.In meetings with government officials, organisations were told that the procedure would involve the return of the seized properties to the union of municipalities and communities, which are extensions of the state, before they are rented out at low prices to the agricultural sector and other organisations.Demonstrators will also demand the punishment of those responsible for the Co-op collapse, as exposed by a report issued earlier in the month, and protest over the developing scandal regarding the mismanagement that led to the closure.The report on the demise of the Co-op held Finance Minister Harris Georgiades mainly responsible for the bank’s collapse under the weight of some €7bn in bad debts and its sale to Hellenic Bank.The president and his government have disputed the findings of the committee, with Anastasiades reiterating his support for Georgiades.The three-member panel had recommended further investigation into possible criminal offences committed by senior members including former CEO Nicolas Hadjiyiannis.In the latest twist, Giorgos Aresti, the chairman of the committee that investigated the Co-op collapse has resigned from two government bodies in protest over the way the government has dismissed the report’s findings. You May LikePopularEverythingColorado Mom Adopted Two Children, Months Later She Learned Who They Really ArePopularEverythingUndoLivestlyChip And Joanna’s $18M Mansion Is Perfect, But It’s The Backyard Everyone Is Talking AboutLivestlyUndoYahoo SearchYou’ve Never Seen Luxury Like This On A Cruise Ship. Search Luxury Mediterranean CruisesYahoo SearchUndo Pensioner dies after crash on Paphos-Polis roadUndoCruise passenger airlifted to Paphos hospitalUndoRemand for pair in alleged property fraud (Updated)Undoby Taboolaby Taboola